Health crises in the agro-food industry, such as the risk of diseases being transmitted from animals to humans, have underlined the importance of knowing where food comes from and the route it has taken before reaching our plates, in other words its traceability. The Codex Alimentarius, created in 1961, determines the international food standards in this regard. It defines traceability as “the ability to follow the movement of food through specified stages of production, processing and distribution.”(FAO, 2015).
In the case of meat, the traceability system means that each animal intended for human consumption can be precisely identified from its birth to its transformation into a food product (origin, gender, breed, age, movements and veterinary treatments).
Today, ethical consumerism strongly influences the field of public health. Consumers are paying increasing attention to the risks of food fraud, the well-being of animals destined for slaughter, and sustainable fishing, as well as to organic farming and fair trade. The traceability indicators on product packaging guide consumers in their choice.