In order to understand the need for a varied, balanced diet, it is essential to comprehend the role nutrients play in the building, function, maintenance and protection of the organism. All our energy and nutritional requirements must be covered. Recommendations may differ from one country to another, depending on the availability of food, and cultural or religious practices. The various food pyramids illustrate these recommendations to help us compose our meals.
2.1 The food groups
What are the sources of various foodstuffs?
This course invites pupils to explore the various sources of the food they eat every day (animal or plant source, geographic origin, food group).
2.1.1 Food sources
2.1.2 The geographical origin of food
2.1.3 Seasonal produce
2.1.4 The food groups
2.2 The nutritional value of food
What are food groups?
Here, we explore the seven main food groups and learn that we can differentiate them according to the main nutrients in food, that each meet specific nutritional needs.
2.2.2 The composition of the food groups
2.2.3 The role of the food groups
2.3 The role of nutrients
What roles do nutrients play in building and protecting the human organism, and in how it functions?
This course answers the question of why we eat. We explain the essential role of nutrients in providing energy, building, and protecting the body and ensuring it can function, by making a fun comparison with various parts of a house.
2.3.1 The calorific value of nutrients
2.3.3 Function, maintenance and protection
2.3.4 Hydration, circulation and cleaning
2.4 balanced diet
What is a balanced diet? How do countries around the world depict it?
Eating a varied and balanced diet is essential to staying in good health. Dietary recommendations vary according to a country’s culture, dietary and religious practices, and the availability of food. Food pyramids illustrate these recommendations and therefore vary from one country to another. When we consume too little or too much of a certain food group or nutrient group, we have what is known as an unbalanced diet.
2.4.1 The food pyramid
2.4.2 Food equivalence
2.4.4 Food culture
- Food and the 5 senses
What role do our 5 senses play in our perception of the food we eat?
- Food and nutrients
A varied and balanced diet. What does it mean? What is the role of the nutrients found in our food?
- Processing food
Why do we need to process food before eating it? Understanding food labels.
- The digestive system
A trip inside the digestive tract!
- Ecology and food economy
Understanding the economic and environmental implications of producing food.
- Eating, moving and growing
Why do we need food? How can we get all we need to run, play and feel good?