Several substances are now used to sweeten food and drink. For many centuries, people used honey as the sole sweetener. Sugar cane was known in Asia in prehistoric times and was a plant people took with them as they moved around. Rare and expensive in the Middle Ages, sugar became democratised in the 19th century as a result of sugar beet farming and sugar extraction in industrial refineries.
Appreciated for its taste, sugar has always been highly sought-after by humanity. Although it was rare and expensive in the past, today it is commonplace and highly-affordable. Pleasure or moderation? It is not always easy to resist when faced with a mountain of cakes.