There is a large variety of different types of bread available, depending on the grain chosen (wheat, rye, blend of grains), how the flour is milled and the extraction rate (volume of flour extracted in relation to the volume of wheat) as well as whether or not leaven or yeast has been used.
- White bread is made with fine flour which comes exclusively from the endosperm of the wheat grain (25% of the grain).
- Wholemeal bread is produced from flour which contains almost the entire grain (98% of the grain).
- Brown bread contains brown flour which is a blend of fine flour and wholemeal flour.
- Farmhouse bread contains white flour or brown flour and sometimes rye flour.
- Wheaten bread is made from coarsely-milled grain.
All of these different types of bread can be flavoured with seeds (nuts, poppy seeds, sesame seeds, pumpkin seeds or sunflower seeds), fats, sweeteners (honey or sugar), dairy products (butter or milk), dried fruit or authorised additives. They can be different shapes (round, long, oval, square, long and thin sticks, baguettes, crowns and plaits) with or without decoration (scored diagonally or in a criss-cross pattern) and different sizes. In addition to everyday bread, there is also a wide range of festive breads for traditional and religious celebrations.